Mozart Violin Concertos (2005)

Mozart

Julia Fischer, Netherlands Chamber Orchestra

Yakov Kreizberg

It is likely that Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart planned the three violin concertos he composed between October 12 and December 20, 1775 as (part of) a cycle. This is indicated by both the proximity of the dates of these works and the systematic design of the keys – G major, D major and A major: in other words, covering three of the open strings of the violin. Furthermore, the last movement of all three concertos is a French “Rondeau”. Strangely enough, after writing his Concerto in A, Mozart appears to have lost all interest in the genre. The following year, he added a kind of violin concerto, consisting of an Andante, Minuet and Rondeau, to his Haffner Serenade K. 250, but that signalled the end of his interest in the violin. From that moment onwards, the piano was the instrument he preferred to use in expressing himself. This caused his father, Leopold, great displeasure, by the way: more than once, he admonished his son as follows: “Du weisst selbst nicht, wie gut Du Violin spielst...”.
Although as a rule Mozart’s letters provide an excellent insight into his life and ideas, we have no idea what caused this sudden loss of interest in the violin. Was it just a case of the adolescent rebelling against the authoritarian father? Or did Mozart associate the violin too closely with the oppressive Salzburg courtof archbishop Colloredo, who in fact dismissed Mozart summarily in the August of 1777?

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Julia Fischer

Born in Munich, Ms. Fischer began learning the violin at age three and soon thereafter started taking piano lessons. She became a pupil of Ana Chumachenco at the Munich Academy of Music and at just 11-years-old won the Yehudi Menuhin International Violin Competition, an event that catapulted her towards an international career as a soloist.

Julia Fischer has since appeared regularly with the world's most celebrated orchestras and conductors. In recent seasons, concerto highlights have included orchestras such as the Vienna Philharmonic, Berlin Philharmonic, Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra, Tonhalle Orchestra, BBC Philharmonic, St. Petersburg Philharmonic, Cleveland Orchestra, and San Francisco Symphony. Ms. Fischer has worked with conductors of the highest level including Blomstedt, Eschenbach, Vladimir Jurowski, Paavo Järvi, Maazel, Marriner, Salonen, Temirkanov, Welser-Möst, and Zinman. An avid recitalist and chamber musician, Ms. Fischer has performed in the world's great concert halls and in festivals across Europe, including at the Musikverein Vienna, Palais des Beaux Arts, Berlin Philharmonie, and Carnegie Hall in New York, and at the BBC Proms, Salzburg Easter Festival, Rheingau Music Festival, Schleswig Holstein Music Festival, and Festival Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Ms. Fischer was Artist in Residence at Konzerthaus Berlin during the 2012-13 season and at Dresdner Philharmonie during the 2013-14 season; London's Wigmore Hall additionally dedicated to Ms. Fischer a Perspective Series throughout the 2013-14 season.

Ms. Fischer will open the 2014-15 season with concerts at the Festival Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, performing in recital with Igor Levit and in concert with the Konzerthaus Orchestra Berlin under the baton of Michael Sanderling. Following an appearance with Daniel Müller-Schott at the Festival Herbstliche Musiktage, Ms. Fischer embarks on a recital tour of France with Yulianna Avdeeva. A tour of Germany with the State Academic Symphony Orchestra of Russia and Vladimir Jurowski will see Ms. Fischer perform the rarely programmed Schumann violin concerto and include the first out of three concerts which will showcase Ms. Fischer as first Artist in Residence at Frankfurt's concert series Pro Arte; she also tours Switzerland in the role of conductor and soloist with pianist Oliver Schnyder and the Academy of St Martin in the Fields, and appears in major venues throughout Europe alongside the St. Petersburg Philharmonic and Temirkanov. Further highlights as soloist include the Philharmonia Orchestra/Hr?ša, MDR Symphony/Kristjan Järvi, Boston Symphony/Dutoit, Czech Philharmonic/Zinman, and Tonhalle Orchestra Zurich/Bringuier. Summer 2015 will see Ms. Fischer performing at major festivals – at Grafenegg Music Festival, at the Kissinger Summer Music Festival with the Vienna Symphony Orchestra and Blomstedt, at the Rheingau Music Festival with Jordan – as well as on a European tour with the Stuttgart Radio Symphony/Sanderling performing Katchaturian.

Netherlands Chamber Orchestra

The Nederlands Kamerorkest (= Netherlands Chamber Orchestra) was founded in 1955 and gave its first concert that year during the Holland Festival. Szymon Goldberg – the legendary violinist, conductor and pedagogue – was artistic director of the ensemble for the first 22 years.Goldberg then appointed David Zinman as second conductor (alongside himself) and, jointly, they raised the level of the orchestra to equal that of any top international chamber ensemble. They were succeeded in 1979 by Antoni Ros Marbà, who led the orchestra until 1986. From 1986 to 2002, Hartmut Haenchen was chief conductor of the ensemble, with Philippe Entremont as permanent guest conductor. Since 2003, Yakov Kreizberg has been chief conductor of the Nederlands Kamerorkest. In September 2004, top violinist Gordan Nikoli´c was appointed Artistic Director and Leader of the Nederlands Kamerorkest. As such, he regularly leads the orchestra from within.

Yakov Kreizberg

Yakov Kreizberg was a naturalized American conductor and pianist, born in Russia with the name Yakov Bychkov. A piano prodigy at age 5, he began composing by 13 and took up conducting lessons with Ilya Musin around the same time. When he emigrated to the United States in 1976, he was unable to bring his compositions with him, so out of frustration with Soviet policies, he gave up composing entirely and dedicated himself to conducting full-time.

Once settled in the United States, Kreizberg entered the Mannes College The New School for Music, where he studied with his brother, conductor Semyon Bychkov. (Kreizberg adopted his mother's maiden name shortly after graduation, to differentiate himself from his brother). Following graduate work at the University of Michigan with Gustav MeierKreizberg studied with Erich LeinsdorfSeiji Ozawa,Leonard Bernstein, and Michael Tilson Thomas, becoming the latter's assistant at the Los Angeles Philharmonic Institute. In 1985, he returned to Mannes College to direct the school's orchestra and also conducted the New York City Symphony's concerts.

Having dual careers in conducting orchestral concerts and opera, Kreizberg served as general music director of the United Municipal Theaters of Krefeld-Mönchengladbach and as conductor of the Niederrheinische Sinfoniker. At the Berlin Comic Opera, he oversaw productions of standard repertoire as well as revivals of forgotten operas, and conducted many heavily attended concerts. He went on to conduct operas at Glyndebourne, the Canadian Opera Company, the English National Opera,Chicago Lyric Opera, and the Royal Opera House. His concert activities included performances with the BBC Symphony Orchestra, the Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, and the London Symphony Orchestra, where he conducted Mahler's Symphony No. 2, "Resurrection," to critical acclaim. Additionally, Kreizberg appeared in the United States with the Boston Symphony Orchestra, the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, the Los Angeles Philharmonic, the San Francisco Symphony, the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, and the New York Philharmonic.

After 2003, Kreizberg was chief conductor and artistic adviser of the Netherlands Philharmonic Orchestra and the Netherlands Chamber Orchestra, as well as principle guest conductor of theVienna Symphony Orchestra. He recorded for Decca and PentaTone Classics. Yakov Kreizberg died on March 15, 2011, in Monaco at age 51, following a long illness.

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Mozart Violin Concertos (2005)

Mozart

Julia Fischer, Netherlands Chamber Orchestra

Cables: van den Hul
Mastering Equipment: B&W Nautilus
Microphones: Neumann KM130, Schoeps, DPA
Producer: Polyhymnia International
Recording Software: Merging
Recording Type & Bit Rate: DSD64

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PTC5186064: Mozart Violin Concertos
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Tracks.
1.
Violin Concerto No. 3 in G, K. 216 - Allegro
Mozart
00:09:07   Select quality & channels above
2.
Violin Concerto No. 3 in G, K. 216 - Adagio
Mozart
00:08:20   Select quality & channels above
3.
Violin Concerto No. 3 in G, K. 216 - Rondeau (Allegro-Andante-Allegretto-Allegro)
Mozart
00:06:17   Select quality & channels above
4.
Violin Concerto No. 4 in D, K. 218 - Allegro
Mozart
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5.
Violin Concerto No. 4 in D, K. 218 - Andante Cantabile
Mozart
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6.
Violin Concerto No. 4 in D, K. 218 - Rondeau (Andante grazioso)
Mozart
00:06:56   Select quality & channels above
7.
Adagio for Violin and Orchestra in E, K. 261
Mozart
00:07:58   Select quality & channels above
8.
Rondo for Violin and Orchestra in B flat, K. 269
Mozart
00:06:22   Select quality & channels above

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